Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, pp. 189-198
Bioline Code: os13038
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, pp. 189-198
© Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Impact of oral health conditions on school performance and lost school days by children and adolescents: what are the actual pieces of evidence?|
de Paula, Janice Simpson & Mialhe, Fábio Luiz
Aim: To investigate evidence of associations between oral health status of children and adolescents
and their school performance and lost school days due to dental problems.
electronic database was searched for scientific papers published between 1990 and 2013.
Twenty-one papers that attempted to investigate the impact of oral health on school performance
and lost school days were retrieved. Brief descriptions of each study’s methodology and outcomes
were presented and discussed.
Results: Although the papers reported statistically significant
associations between school performance or lost school days and oral health conditions of
schoolchildren, all of them were cross-sectional and ecological studies with an observational
design, which may not provide full information about causes and effects. In addition, the lack of
standardized criteria did not allow comparisons among the studies retrieved in the search.
Conclusions: Oral diseases appear to impact on lost school days and school performance of
children and policy-makers should address this issue when planning health promotion interventions
in school settings. However, standardized materials and methodologies as well as longitudinal
studies using valid and reliable criteria are needed to confirm the causes or risks of oral health
factors in school performance, generating hypotheses for future research and providing important
data for determining effective actions in school health programs.
school performance; absenteeism; oral health
Alternative site location: http://www.fop.unicamp.br/brjorals