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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, pp. 216-222
Bioline Code: os13042
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, pp. 216-222

 en Oral lesions frequency in HIV-positive patients at a tertiary hospital, Southern Brazil
Peppes, Cristiane Pedroso; Lemos, Ana Silvia Pavani; Araujo, Renata Lins Fuente; Portugal, Magda Eline Guerrart; Buffon, Marilene da Cruz Magalhães & Raboni, Sonia Mara


Aim: To report the frequency of oral lesions in HIV-positive patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), comparing with a non-HIV infected control group, and to correlate the presence of lesions with demographic and clinical features of HIV-seropositive patients.
Methods: A quantitative case-control study was conducted by a dental professional, using a questionnaire, analysis of medical records of patients and clinical examinations.
Results: According to the results, oral lesions were found in 23% of HIV-positive patients versus 5% in controls. Candidiasis (29%) and periodontal changes (25%) were the most frequent oral lesions found in these patients. Gender and viral load values were statistically significant when HIV-positive patients with and without oral lesions were compared.
Conclusions: The results showed a change in lesion pattern of HIV patients on HAART, highlighting a high frequency of these new lesions and reinforcing the need for periodic dental evaluation of HIV-positive patients.

HIV; bacterial infections; candidiasis; opportunist infections

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