Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, pp. 216-222
Bioline Code: os13042
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, pp. 216-222
© Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Oral lesions frequency in HIV-positive patients at a tertiary hospital, Southern Brazil|
Peppes, Cristiane Pedroso; Lemos, Ana Silvia Pavani; Araujo, Renata Lins Fuente; Portugal, Magda Eline Guerrart; Buffon, Marilene da Cruz Magalhães & Raboni, Sonia Mara
Aim: To report the frequency of oral lesions in HIV-positive patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral
Therapy (HAART), comparing with a non-HIV infected control group, and to correlate the
presence of lesions with demographic and clinical features of HIV-seropositive patients.
A quantitative case-control study was conducted by a dental professional, using a questionnaire,
analysis of medical records of patients and clinical examinations.
Results: According to the
results, oral lesions were found in 23% of HIV-positive patients versus 5% in controls. Candidiasis
(29%) and periodontal changes (25%) were the most frequent oral lesions found in these
patients. Gender and viral load values were statistically significant when HIV-positive patients
with and without oral lesions were compared.
Conclusions: The results showed a change in
lesion pattern of HIV patients on HAART, highlighting a high frequency of these new lesions and
reinforcing the need for periodic dental evaluation of HIV-positive patients.
HIV; bacterial infections; candidiasis; opportunist infections
Alternative site location: http://www.fop.unicamp.br/brjorals