search
for
 About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News  Donations


Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 14, No. 3, 2015, pp. 186-189
Bioline Code: os15032
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2015, pp. 186-189

 en Masticatory performance with different types of rehabilitation of the edentulous mandible
Neves, Flávio Domingues; Mendes, Francielle Alves; Borges, Tânia de Freitas; Mendonça, Daniela Baccelli Silveira; Prado, Marisa Martins da Silva & Zancopé, Karla

Abstract

Aim: To compare the masticatory performance associated with different rehabilitation strategies for patients with edentulous mandibles. Methods: one portion of the test food “Optocal” was provided to groups: Natural Dentition (n = 15), Mandibular Fixed Implant-Supported Prosthesis with Maxillary Fixed Prosthesis (n = 8), Mandibular Fixed Implant-Supported Prosthesis with Maxillary Removable Prosthesis (n = 14), Mandibular Implant-Retained Overdenture with Maxillary Removable Prosthesis (n = 16), and Complete Dentures (n = 16). The portion was collected after 40 chewing strokes, and then passed through a stack of eight sieves with decreasing apertures. Masticatory performance was determined by weighing the portion of food on each sieve. Results: the masticatory performance was: 71.00% for Natural Dentition, 41.57% for Mandibular Fixed Implant-Supported Prosthesis with Maxillary Fixed Prosthesis, 31.44% for Mandibular Fixed Implant-Supported Prosthesis with Maxillary Removable Prosthesis, 27.70% for Mandibular Implant-retained Overdenture, and 14.33% for Complete Dentures. The data were statistically compared using Student’s t-test (p < 0.05). Natural Dentition and Complete Denture groups were statistically different from all other groups, with the Natural Dentition and Complete Denture groups exhibiting the highest and lowest masticatory performance values, respectively. Conclusions: Osseointegrated implants improved the masticatory performance of all implant-supported groups compared to the Complete Dentures group.

Keywords
mastication; prostheses and implants; dental implants; dental prosthesis retention

 
© Copyright 2015 - Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Alternative site location: http://www.fop.unicamp.br/brjorals

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2017, Site last up-dated on 16-Oct-2017.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Internet Data Center of Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa, RNP, Brazil