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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 16, No. 4, 2006, pp. 481-484
Bioline Code: pe06065
Full paper language: Farsi
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2006, pp. 481-484

 en Success Rate of CPR and the Effective factors
Abrishami, SE; Bavarian, B & Khodaei, Sh

Abstract


Background: Cardiopulmonary arrest is one of the most important affairs in pediatric emergency room. Medical identification of causes of cardiopulmonary arrest, the success rate and effective factors of resuscitation can lead to development of new methods to protect children from dangerous situations.
Methods: This is an observational retrospective and case-series study. All of the children who underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in Children's Medical Center, Tehran, entered this study.
Findings: Totally 71 children entered the study (57.7% boys, 42.3% girls). 69.1% of these children were younger than 1 year. Almost half of them didn’t have any history of chronic illness before cardiopulmonary arrest. CPR was successful in 45 (68.4%) children. The most common causes necessitating CPR were respiratory and cardiac problems, seizure, hypothermia and intoxication.
Conclusions: Regarding the dominancy of the respiratory causes of cardiopulmonary arrest in children, many of CPR cases will recover by simple procedures like opening the airway and applying ventilation. So, morbidity and mortality can be reduced by educating the families in primary resuscitation care

Keywords
Pediatric emergency , CPR , Cardiopulmonary arrest , Ventilation

 
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