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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 17, No. s2, 2007, pp. 281-284
Bioline Code: pe07056
Full paper language: Farsi
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 17, No. s2, 2007, pp. 281-284

 en Foreign Body Aspiration in Children
Moghadam, Hassan Motaghi; Jafarzadeh, Mohsen & Meimaneh, Ahmad

Abstract

Objective: Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a common cause of respiratory distress in children between 6 months and 3 years old. Early diagnosis and management will decrease complications and mortality.
Material & Methods: A retrospective study was done on records of 140 patients with FBA between 1998- 2003 at Imam Reza hospital a tertiary university hospital of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences.
Findings: From 140 patients, 62% were male and 82.2% were under 6 years old. History of chocking was the most frequent clinical finding (77%), other clinical findings were wheezing (38.6%), decreased breathing sounds (42.1%), cough (20%), respiratory distress (15.4%), fever (15.4%) and stridor (6.6%). Chest radiography was normal in 42.1%. The time of diagnosis was the first day in 42.3%. The most common aspirated foreign bodies were seeds (40.7%) and the most common site of FBA was right bronchus. Complications consisted of 27.9 % pneumonia, 17.1% persistent and resistant pneumonia, cardio-respiratory arrest in 2 % and lung abscess in 0.7%. Mean hospital stay was 2 days and mortality rate 2.9%.
Conclusion: Foreign body aspiration can occur at any age especially in children under 6 years in the absence of predisposing factors. Normal auscultation and chest X-ray do not rule out the diagnosis of FBA; high suspicion is the important clue for diagnosis.

Keywords
Aspiration , clinical findings , foreign body , airways , Children

 
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