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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 17, No. 4, 2007, pp. 375-378
Bioline Code: pe07070
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 17, No. 4, 2007, pp. 375-378

 en The Case Report of a Survival from Ekiri Syndrome
Seyed Mehdi Monajemzadeh; Sheedeh Assar & Ali Akbar Momen

Abstract


Background: Lethal toxic encephalopathy of shigellosis (Ekiri syndrome) is a rare complication of the shigella infection presented with fever, severe toxicity, seizure and diffuse brain edema, coma and death in the absence of dehydration and is nearly always lethal. This report is about a child who has survived the Ekiri syndrome.
Case presentation: A three-year old child was admitted to the emergency ward because of fever, one attack of generalized tonic-clonic seizure, drowsiness and diarrhea with no signs of dehydration. The differential diagnosis was meningitis, shigellosis and atypical febrile convulsion. All test results for blood, urine, stool and cerebro-spinal fluid samples were normal except for serum sodium (119 mmol/l) and stool exam (many RBCs). He was treated with anticonvulsants because of the recurrent seizures and ceftriaxone with probability of shigellosis. The emergency brain CT scan showed diffuse brain edema. After 48 hours the consciousness was improved. Stool culture showed the growth of Shigella flexneri. Second brain CT scan revealed a dramatic decrease of the brain edema.
Conclusion: Because neurological symptoms are among the extra intestinal complications of the shigellosis, it is recommended to put this disease in the list of differential diagnosis of unexplained neurological signs in endemic areas and consider the specific medications in the treatment programs.

Keywords
Ekiri syndrome, Encephalopathy, Shigella, Shigellosis, Seizure

 
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