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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 18, No. 1, 2008, pp. 75-78
Bioline Code: pe08013
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2008, pp. 75-78

 en Ellis van Creveld Syndrome: Report of a Case and Brief Literature Review
Hedyeh Saneifard & Amirhakimi, Gholamhossein

Abstract

Objective: Ellis van Creveld syndrome (EvCS) is a rare autosomal recessive (AR) disorder first described in 1940. The syndrome manifests with several skeletal, oral mucosal and dental anomalies, congenital cardiac defects and nail dysplasia. EvCs should be differentiated from other chondrodystrophies such as achondroplasia and Morquio's syndrome.
Case Presentation:A nine-year old girl was referred with short stature. In physical examination her height was 105 cm. She had normal intelligence, small teeth, abnormal crown and adontia in mandibular incisors. Other findings included bilateral postaxial polydactyly in hands, narrow thorax, hypoplastic nails in hands and feet and genu valgum.
Conclusion: Ellis van Creveld syndrome is a rare autosmal disorder with a high mortality in early life. As the condition is easily diagnosed at birth, early treatment can prevent patients from various complications and undue psychological trauma.

Keywords
Postaxial polydactyly, Chondroectodermal dysplasia, Skeletal anomalies

 
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