Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 18, No. s1, 2008, pp. 47-52
Bioline Code: pe08070
Full paper language: Farsi
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 18, No. s1, 2008, pp. 47-52
© Copyright 2008 - TUMS PUBLICATIONS
Relationship between Delivery Type and Successful Breastfeeding|
Islami, Zia; Fallah, Razieh; Golestan, Motahhareh & Shajaree, Ahmad
Exclusive breastfeeding has a major effect on decreasing the mortality of the children,
particularly in developing countries. The aim of this survey was to study the effect of type of
delivery on success of exclusive breastfeeding.
In a case-control study, 344 women including two equal groups of 172 cases were
chosen based on the type of delivery, vaginally or by cesarean section, and followed for the 6
months for the way of feeding their infants and the rate of exclusive breastfeeding among them.
The rate of exclusive breastfeeding was significantly lower in the mothers delivered by
cesarean section than who delivered vaginally (13.4% vs. 41.8%). The average duration of
breastfeeding among the women with vaginal delivery was significantly longer than the cases with
cesarean delivery (4.5±1.7 months vs. 4.0±1.5 months). The rate of the onset of breastfeeding in
the first hour of delivery was significantly higher among the group with vaginal delivery than the
group with cesarean one (82 % vs. 38 %) and finally the rate of formula feeding among the infants
of the mother with cesarean section was higher than the infants of the mothers with vaginal
delivery (33% vs. 22%).
Cesarean sections decrease the exclusive breastfeeding and hence attempts should be
made to encourage the mothers for vaginal delivery and breastfeeding as well. Besides discussing
the benefits of breastfeeding for both mother and infant, all support that mothers are mandatory to
attain executive breastfeeding.
Vaginal delivery; Cesarean section; Exclusive breast feeding
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