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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 20, No. 1, 2010, pp. 63-68
Bioline Code: pe10008
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2010, pp. 63-68

 en Mid-upper Arm Circumference Based Undernutrition among Bengalee Children of Chapra, West Bengal, India
Biswas, Sadaruddin; Bose, Kaushik; Mukhopadhyay, Ashish & Bhadra, Mithu

Abstract

Objective: To investigate age and sex variations in undernutrition using mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) cut-off values among 2016 (930 boys and 1086 girls). 3-5 years old rural children of Bengalee ethnicity at 66 Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Centers of Nadia District, West Bengal, India.
Methods: In a cross sectional study in west Bengal of India, MUAC was measured using standard technique. A total of 2028 children (935 boys and 1093 girls) from 66 ICDS centers were enrolled in this study. The response rate was approximately 95%.
Findings: Mean MUAC among boys was higher than girls at all ages except 5 years. Significant sex differences were not observed over ages. The age-combined rates of overall (moderate and severe) undernutrition among boys (38.49%) was higher than among girls (32.22%).The age-combined rates of moderate undernutrition were 36.34% and 31.03% among boys and girls, respectively. The rates of severe undernutrition were 2.15% and 1.20% among boys and girls, respectively. There were sex differences in both moderate and severe undernutrition. In general, there was an increasing trend in the rates of overall undernutrition from 3 to 5 years in both sexes.
Conclusion: These children were experiencing severe nutritional stress.

Keywords
Children, Preschool; Anthropometry; Nutritional Status; Undernutrition; India

 
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