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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 20, No. 3, 2010, pp. 308-312
Bioline Code: pe10046
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2010, pp. 308-312

 en Frequency of Sensory Neural Hearing Loss in Major Beta-Thalassemias in Southern Iran
Faramarzi, Abolhassan; Karimi, Mehran; Heydari, Seyed-Taghi; Shishegar, Mahmoud & Kaviani, Masoud

Abstract

Objective: The thalassemias are among the most common genetic disorders worldwide, occurring more frequently in the Mediterranean region. The aim of this study was to determined frequency of sensory-neural hearing loss in major β- thalassemias transfusion dependent patients in south of Iran.
Methods: A cross sectional study on 308 cases of major beta-thalassemia patients referring to Thalassemia Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences between 2006-2007 years. The diagnosis of β- thalassemia major was based on clinical history, complete blood count and hemoglobine electrophoresis. Clinical data such as serum ferritin level, deferoxamine (DFO) dose, mean daily doses of DFO (mg/kg) and audiometric variables was recorded.
Findings: Out of 308 cases, 283 (96.5%) had normal hearing and 10 (3.5%) sensorineural hearing loss. There was no statically significant difference between two groups regarding mean age, weight, age at the first blood transfusion, age at the first DFO infusion.
Conclusion: We found the lowest incidence of sensorineural hearing loss in a large population of patients suffered from major thalassemia who received DFO. We show that DFO is not ototoxic at a low dose. When considering all related literature, as a whole there has been much critical misrepresentation about DFO ototoxicity.

Keywords
Beta-Thalassemia; Sensorineural Hearing Loss; Blood Transfusion; Deferoxamine; Ferritin

 
© Copyright 2010 Iran Journal of Pediatrics.
Alternative site location: http://diglib.tums.ac.ir/pub/

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