Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 21, No. 2, 2011, pp. 235-238
Bioline Code: pe11040
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2011, pp. 235-238
© Copyright 2011 Iran Journal of Pediatrics.
Iron Deposition in Duodenal Mucosa; a Review and Report of Three Cases in Pediatric Age Group|
Mahjoub, Fatemeh; Saffar, Hiva; Najafi, Mehri; Moatamed, Farzaneh & Seighali, Fariba
Background: Ferrous sulfate drops are routinely used in Iran in infants older than 6 months of age. Effect of ferrous sulfate drops in preventive or therapeutic doses on gastrointestinal mucosa of infants is not studied as yet. Upper gastrointestinal complications due to acute iron poisoning are well known in this age group. In this article, we reviewed published articles on iron deposition in upper gastro-intestinal tract and also introduce clinical, endoscopic and histological findings in three cases with iron deposition in duodenal mucosa.
Cases Presentation: We encountered three cases of iron deposition in duodenal mucosa among about 8000 biopsies during a 10 year period which is a very low incidence despite routine use of iron supplement in children above 6 months of age in this country. One of our cases suffered from steatorrhea and another from failure to thrive, which raises concern about effects of iron deposition in small intestine.
Conclusion: The clinical significance and effects of iron deposition in pediatric age group is yet to be elucidated. Iron deposition as a solitary finding is not reported in duodenal biopsies of infants as yet. Since iron supplement is widely used in this age group, it is justified to consider its deposition and possible effects on absorption.
Iron; Gastrointestinal Tract; Ferrous Sulfate; Malabsorption; Duodenal Diseases; Children
Alternative site location: http://diglib.tums.ac.ir/pub/