Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 21, No. 2, 2011, pp. 239-243
Bioline Code: pe11041
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2011, pp. 239-243
© Copyright 2011 Iran Journal of Pediatrics.
Early Transient Neonatal Cyanosis Related to Interatrial Right-to-Left Shunting at an Altitude of 1890 Meters: A Report of Five Cases|
Zeybek, Cenap; Kahveci, Hasan; Gokce, Ibrahim; Boga, Aysun; Payasli, Muge & Keskin, Halil
Background: We report five term neonates born at an altitude of 1890 meters with transient early neonatal cyanosis due to right-to-left shunting at atrial level through patent foramen ovale.
Case Presentation: The five neonates with no clinical sign or symptom other than marked cyanosis were examined in two neonatal units of Erzurum city. Hematologic and radiologic examinations were normal. Partial oxygen pressure (PO2) in the arterial blood samples was lower than 45 mmHg in all of the patients, and did not increase more than 15 mmHg in any of the patients after inhalation of 100% oxygen. Echocardiography revealed normal intracardiac structure. The right-to-left interatrial shunt at diastole was detected through a patent foramen ovale in all of these infants. By only observation with no treatment, diastolic right-to-left shunt disappeared in 40.15±9.52 hours. Oxygen saturation was increased from 69.80±9.55 percent to 90.40±8.80 percent. The patients were discharged from the hospital at 5.6±0.4 days of life. Follow up for 6 months revealed no clinical problem in any of the cases.
Conclusion: Transient cyanosis can be seen in the very early neonatal period because of interatrial right-to-left shunting in some healthy term neonates born at an altitude of 1890 meters. Decreased right atrial compliance due to relative hypoxia at that altitude can be speculated to be the causative mechanism.
Patent oval foramen; Altitude;Cyanosis;Neonate
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