Neonatal jaundice is a common clinical finding in newborns. The efficacy and safety of
phototherapy for neonatal jaundice have been firmly established, but it has some side effects, thus
herbal therapy has recently received special attention. Herein we investigated the efficacy of
for treatment of jaundice in neonates compared to phototherapy.
In this clinical-trial study, a total of 121 neonates aged 2-14 days hospitalized for
jaundice, were randomly assigned into experimental group including 63 patients who received
's fruit extract 1ml/Kg 3 times a day and phototherapy, and control group of 58
cases receiving phototherapy with distilled water. Bilirubin level during hospitalization in both
groups was measured daily.
Experimental group stayed in hospital for 3.47±0.3 days. None of the neonates in this
group was hospitalized more than 7 days. In controls, hospitalization was 3.67±0.4 days. 2 cases
stayed more than 7days. The bilirubin level had decreased in both groups. Decrease of serum
bilirubin in experimental group after 12 hours was statistically significant compared to control
=0.026). In experimental group, after taking the herb for 1-2 days, 3 children developed
slight diarrhea which resolved spontaneously.
The results indicate that Zizyphus jujubam
was effective for the treatment of neonatal
jaundice in first 12 hours of treatment compared to controls which could be due to higher effect of
Z. jujuba extract to reduce bilirubin concentration with different mechanisms.