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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 21, No. 3, 2011, pp. 395-398
Bioline Code: pe11066
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2011, pp. 395-398

 en Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease: the First Genetically Approved Case Report from Iran
Ashrafi, Mahmoud-Reza; Mohammadi, Mahmoud; Alizadeh, Hooman & Nikkhah, Ali


Background: Classic Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease is a rare x-linked disorder of proteolipid protein expression first described clinically in 1885. This disease is characterized by abnormal eye movements, very slow motor development and involuntary movements. The causative gene is PLP1.
Case Presentation: A 1-year-old boy was referred to our clinic due to abnormal eye movements. He had horizontal and flickering eye oscillation, psychomotor retardation, hypotonia and head nodding. We found hypomyelination in brain MRI.
Conclusion: The possibility of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease should be considered in boys with abnormal eye movements, psychomotor retardation and hypotonia.

Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease; Eye Movements; Hypotonia; Head Nodding

© Copyright 2011 Iran Journal of Pediatrics.
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