Major Causes of Hospital Admission in Beta Thalassemia Major Patients in Southern Iran|
Karimi, Mehran; Emadmarvasti, Vahid; Hoseini, Jacob & Shoja, Lotfolah
Objective:Beta thalassemia major is a prevalent hereditary disease in Mediterranean region especially Iran. Early blood transfusion is necessary for most of the patients and frequent transfusion can cause various medical problems for the patients. The aim of this study was to find major causes of hospital admission in beta thalassemia major patients to reach the accurate preventive and therapeutic plans for these patients.
Methods: Four hundred twenty six patients were admitted to the Nemazee Hospital (the main University referral Hospital Center affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Fars Province, southern Iran) during 3 years period (January 2007 to January 2010). A questionnaire was filled containing age, gender, hemoglobin level, frequency of blood transfusions, deferoxamine injection, cause of hospital admission and hospital course.
Findings: The mean age of patients was 11.28 years. The mean serum ferritin level was 1820±749 μg/lit. Two hundred fifty five (59.75%) patients were male and 171 (40.25%) patients were female. The top five most prevalent causes of hospital admission were splenectomy (21.8%), infections (19.9%), congestive heart failure (19.0%), diabetes mellitus (13.4%), and Liver biopsy (11.5%). (P=0.0002)
Conclusion: Results of this study revealed that infections and complications due to iron overload are major causes of hospital admission in beta thalassemia major patients.
Beta Thalassemia major; Hospitalization; Complication; Iran