Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 22, No. 1, 2012, pp. 35-42
Bioline Code: pe12006
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2012, pp. 35-42
© Copyright 2012 - Iran Journal of Pediatrics
Parental Determinants of Overweight and Obesity in Iranian Adolescents: A National Study|
Doustmohammadian, Aazam; Abdollahi, Morteza; Bondarianzadeh, Dolly; Houshiarrad, Anahita & Abtahi, Mitra
Objective: Overweight among adolescents is not only an important public health problem but also a problem
affecting economic growth in developing countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the parental
determinants of overweight and obesity in Iranian adolescents at national level.
Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted within the framework of the Comprehensive Study on
Household Food Consumption Patterns and Nutritional Status of IR Iran during 2001-2003. In adolescents,
anthropometric indices were defined based on the CDC 2000 cut-off points for age and gender-specific body
mass index (BMI). Parental characteristics were collected by questionnaire. Among the 7158 participating
households, data on 7908 adolescents aged 11-19 years (3750 girls and 4158 boys) was analyzed.
Findings: The prevalence of overweight (85–94th percentile) in boys and girls was 6.2%, and 8.7%,
respectively. The prevalence of obesity (≥95th percentile) among boys and girls was similar (3.3%). Parents’
weight status, father’s job and parents’ education showed significant association with weight status in
adolescents. Logistic regression analysis showed that parental overweight and obesity, parental education
and father’s job were the main parental determinants of overweight and obesity in Iranian adolescents.
Conclusion: Parental overweight and obesity, parental education and father’s job seem to be the major
parental determinants of overweight in Iranian adolescents. Future prevention programs must take these risk
factors into account.
Adolescents; Overweight; Parental Factors
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