Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 22, No. 1, 2012, pp. 77-81
Bioline Code: pe12012
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2012, pp. 77-81
© Copyright 2012 - Iran Journal of Pediatrics
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anemia among Adolescents in Denizli, Turkey|
Balcı, Yasemin Işık; Karabulut, Aysun; Gürses, Dolunay & Çövüt, İbrahim Ethem
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of anemia among adolescents
in Denizli where Mediterranean cuisine (fresh fruit and vegetables) is adopted.
Methods: We accepted hemoglobin values below 12 g/dl for girls and 13 g/dl for boys as the criteria of
anemia. We recorded a detailed history including nutritional habits, consumption of animal source foods
especially red meat, consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables, presence of parasitic infestation, psychosocial
status, school success and any materials consumed except ordinary food.
Findings: We investigated the prevalence of anemia in 1120 children (672 girls and 448 boys), aged 12 to 16
years. We found that the overall prevalence of anemia was 5.6%. 8.3% of the girls and 1.6% of the boys were
anemic. We diagnosed iron deficiency anemia in 37(59%) anemic patients and combined iron deficiency and
vitamin B12 deficiency anemia in 26 (41%) anemic patients. None of the patients had folic acid deficiency.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that the socioeconomic status of the family, traditional eating habits of the
region, the fear of gaining weight and irregular eating habits are of great importance in the development of
adolescent anemia in Denizli.
Adolescence; Anemia; Ferritin; Vitamin B12; Traditional Eating
Alternative site location: http://diglib.tums.ac.ir/pub/