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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 22, No. 1, 2012, pp. 125-128
Bioline Code: pe12022
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2012, pp. 125-128

 en Reversible Cataract as the Presenting Sign of Diabetes Mellitus: Report of Two Cases and Literature Review
Jin, Yan Yan; Huang, Ke; Zou, Chao Chun; Liang, Li; Wang, Xiu Min & Jin, Ji

Abstract

Background: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is the most common form of diabetes in young children. Serious optic complications, e.g. diabetic retinopathy and diabetic cataract involvement, are not usually detected in T1DM patients at the onset of the disease.
Case Presentation: Two girls aged 11 years and 9 years were hospitalized in our unit in 2008 and 2009. They presented cataracts 1 and 6 months before the diagnosis of T1DM, respectively. After blood glucose level was controlled by insulin therapy, the cataract was resolved, totally in one and partly in the other girl. Meanwhile, visual acuity of both cases recovered, closely associated with fluctuation of plasma glucose level. In this study, we describe the symptoms, probable mechanism and treatment of diabetic cataract.
Conclusion: Early antihyperglycemic therapy and maintenance of stable blood glucose level may reverse acute diabetic cataract or prevent it from getting worse.

Keywords
Type 1 diabetes mellitus; Acute diabetic cataract; Visual acuity; Children

 
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