Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 22, No. 2, 2012, pp. 205-212
Bioline Code: pe12036
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2012, pp. 205-212
© Copyright 2012 - Iran J Pediatrician
Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis and Related Factors in Children Aged 5-13 in Istanbul|
Dolgun, Gulumser; Savaser, Sevim; Balci, Serap & Yazici, Saadet
Objective:Enuresis is a health problem frequently encountered in childhood. This study was carried out in
two socio-demographically different districts of the province of Istanbul, for the purpose of determining the
relationship between the prevalence of primary nocturnal enuresis and certain demographic characteristics.
Methods: The study design is a cross-sectional carried out on 420 children (5 to 13 yr old) through random
sampling. The research was conducted at two health centers in two different districts in the province of
Istanbul. Data was collected with a questionnaire created by the researchers. Diagnosis of enuresis considered
nocturnal voiding twice a week for at least three consecutive months.
Findings: Enuresis was a complaint expressed by 16.2% of the cases in the study group; 8.3% reported
intermittent bedwetting. The data collected in the two districts pointed to a significant difference in terms of
the frequency of enuresis in favor of the district where socio-demographic features were inferior (P <0.005).
When family histories were explored in cases of children with enuresis, it was found that the mothers of
76.2% had the problem of enuresis while 14.9% had enuretic fathers. Thus statistically, the presence of
enuresis in the family history was seen to have had a markedly significant impact on the occurrence of
enuresis in the child (P <0.001).
Conclusion: It was concluded that familial predisposition to the condition constituted a more significant risk
factor for enuresis compared to socio-demographic or economic characteristics.
Nocturnal Enuresis; Bedwetting; Prevalence; Socioeconomic Factors; Genetic Predisposition
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