Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 22, No. 3, 2012, pp. 351-356
Bioline Code: pe12064
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2012, pp. 351-356
© Copyright 2012 - Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Relationship between Blood Pressure and Passive Smoking in Elementary School Children|
Seyedzadeh, Abolhassan; Hashemi, Forough & Soleimani, Akram
Objective: Many diseases form their basis during childhood. One example is the changes in vascular structure
and function, leading to atherosclerosis. In this study, we have assessed the impact of exposure to cigarette
smoke on blood pressure of elementary school children in Kermanshah.
Methods: 80 elementary school children exposed to cigarette smoke and 80 not exposed to smoke were
studied in fall 2010. Information regarding the smoking status of parents and the children’s health were
obtained through questionnaires completed by parents. After physical examination and exclusion of those
children with acute and chronic diseases as well as those consuming medicine, we measured and compared
blood pressure in the exposure and non-exposure groups. Data were analyzed using the ANOVA statistical
test. Values are expresses as Mean±SD.
Findings: The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures of the exposure group were higher than those of
the non-exposure group (109.3±9.97/64.92±7.36 vs105.47±8.98/62.5±7.01, respectively; CI: 0.95, P<0.05).
Meanwhile, difference between two groups according to sex was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Our study indicates that systolic and diastolic blood pressures are higher in those elementary
school children exposed to cigarette smoke compared to those who are not.
Passive Smoking; Systolic Blood Pressure; Diastolic Blood Pressure; Elementary School Children
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