Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 23, No. 4, 2013, pp. 467-472
Bioline Code: pe13087
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2013, pp. 467-472
© Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Decreasing Suicidal Ideation and Hopelessness of the Adolescents with Previous Suicidal Attempts|
Alavi, Ali; Sharifi, Bahare; Ghanizadeh, Ahmad & Dehbozorgi, Gholamreza
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a Cognitive-Behavioral therapy (CBT) for suicide prevention in
decreasing suicidal ideation and hopelessness in a sample of depressed 12 to 18 year-old adolescents who
had at least one previous suicidal attempt.
Methods: In a clinical trial, 30 depressed adolescents who attempted suicide in the recent 3 months were
selected using simple sampling method and divided randomly into intervention and wait-list control groups.
Both groups received psychiatric interventions as routine. The intervention group received a 12 session (once
a week) of CBT program according to the package developed by Stanley et al, including psychoeducational
interventions and individual and family skills training modules. All of the patients were evaluated by Scale for
Suicidal Ideation, Beck's hopelessness Inventory, and Beck's Depression Inventory before the intervention
and after 12 weeks.
Findings: There were significant differences between the two groups regarding the scores of the above
mentioned scales after 12 weeks. Fifty-four to 77 percent decreases in the mean scores of the used scales
were observed in the invention group. There were no significant changes in the scores of the control wait-list
group. The differences between pre- and post-intervention scores in the intervention group were significant.
Conclusion: CBT is an effective method in reducing suicidal ideation and hopelessness in the depressed
adolescents with previous suicidal attempts.
Suicide; Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy; Depression; Adolescents; Hopelessness; Suicidal Idea
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