Migraine and Tension-Type Headache in Children and Adolescents Presenting to Neurology Clinics|
Tavasoli, Azita; Aghamohammadpoor, Mehran & Taghibeigi, Meygol
Objective: Headache including migraine and tension-type headache comprises the vast majority of headaches and are
associated with marked incidence, prevalence, and individual and social cost. We aimed to assess
demographic characteristics and to compare some factors related to primary headaches in children/
adolescents presented to neurology clinics of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: Children from 4 to 15 years of age with the diagnosis of primary headache (migraine or tension-type
headaches) who presented to the neurology clinics affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz,
Iran from March 2009 to October 2011 are included in this cross-sectional study. Data regarding the type of
headache, history of atopy, peripartum asphyxia, and breast feeding, family history of headache and the
socioeconomic status of the family were collected. The diagnosis was based on the international headache
society diagnostic criteria for the primary headache disorders.
Findings: One hundred ninety children (107 females) with primary headache (88 patients with migraine and
102 patients with tension type headache) enrolled in the study. Peripartum asphyxia, history of atopy, family
history of headache and low socioeconomic status (SES) were more common in patients with migraine
(P-values: 0.007, 0.01, 0.001, 0.003; respectively).
Conclusion: Physicians need to extent their knowledge regarding the primary headaches. Peripartum
asphyxia, history of atopy, headache in parents and low SES have been shown in the present study to be more
prevalent in patients with migraine as compared to tension-type headache.
Asphyxia; Atopy; Children; Migraine; Tension-Type Headache