Clinical Profile of Snake Bite in Children in Rural India|
Kshirsagar, Vinayak Y.; Ahmed, Minhajuddin & Colaco, Sylvia M.
Objective: A high incidence of snake bite envenomation has been reported from rural India. Due to
inadequate epidemiological data, the incidence is underestimated. This study analyses the pattern of snake
bite and their management in children in rural areas of Maharashtra, India. To determine the age, mode of
presentation, seasonal variation, clinical profile and outcome of patients with snake bite less than 15 years of
Methods: This study is a retrospective, descriptive study including 162 patients, who presented with history
of snake bite. Clinical data about age, sex, clinical manifestations, complications and outcome were obtained
from case records and were analyzed.
Findings: Out of the 162 patients 98 (60.49%) were males. The bites were vasculotoxic in 147 (90.74%) and
neuroparalytic in 15 (9.25%) patients. Mainly bites occurred from July to September with 84 (51.85%) bites.
Bites were more common in males in age more than 5 years (89%) with bite marks mainly on lower limbs in
120 (74.04%) patients. Deaths were reported in patients who reported late to the hospital with a mortality
rate of 1.85%.
Conclusion: Snake bite is a life threatening emergency. The key to minimizing mortality and severe morbidity
is aggressive management of the ABC`s of resuscitation, and timely and judicious administration of adequate
dose of anti-venom.
Snake Bite; Snake Envenomation; Vasculotoxic; Neuroparalytic; Children; Outcome Assessment Introduction Snake