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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 23, No. 6, 2013, pp. 632-636
Bioline Code: pe13135
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 23, No. 6, 2013, pp. 632-636

 en Clinical Profile of Snake Bite in Children in Rural India
Kshirsagar, Vinayak Y.; Ahmed, Minhajuddin & Colaco, Sylvia M.

Abstract

Objective: A high incidence of snake bite envenomation has been reported from rural India. Due to inadequate epidemiological data, the incidence is underestimated. This study analyses the pattern of snake bite and their management in children in rural areas of Maharashtra, India. To determine the age, mode of presentation, seasonal variation, clinical profile and outcome of patients with snake bite less than 15 years of age.
Methods: This study is a retrospective, descriptive study including 162 patients, who presented with history of snake bite. Clinical data about age, sex, clinical manifestations, complications and outcome were obtained from case records and were analyzed.
Findings: Out of the 162 patients 98 (60.49%) were males. The bites were vasculotoxic in 147 (90.74%) and neuroparalytic in 15 (9.25%) patients. Mainly bites occurred from July to September with 84 (51.85%) bites. Bites were more common in males in age more than 5 years (89%) with bite marks mainly on lower limbs in 120 (74.04%) patients. Deaths were reported in patients who reported late to the hospital with a mortality rate of 1.85%.
Conclusion: Snake bite is a life threatening emergency. The key to minimizing mortality and severe morbidity is aggressive management of the ABC`s of resuscitation, and timely and judicious administration of adequate dose of anti-venom.

Keywords
Snake Bite; Snake Envenomation; Vasculotoxic; Neuroparalytic; Children; Outcome Assessment Introduction Snake

 
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