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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 23, No. 6, 2013, pp. 701-704
Bioline Code: pe13146
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 23, No. 6, 2013, pp. 701-704

 en Low Birth Weight and Its Related Risk Factors in Northeast Iran
Chaman, Reza; Amiri, Mohammad; Raei, Mehdi; Ajami, Mohammad-Esmaeil; Sadeghian, Afsaneh & Khosravi, Ahmad

Abstract

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) and its related risk factors in an appropriate sample of neonates in Shahroud, northeast Iran.
Methods:At this study, a random sample of 1000 neonates were selected of which 72 neonates were LBWs. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods to evaluate the LBW risk factors in LBWs compared to normal weight infants.
Findings: 7.2% of neonates were LBWs and 6.1% born before 37 weeks of gestation. Prematurity, high-risk pregnancy and maternal age have significant statistical association with LBW. Odds Ratio (OR) for prematurity was 42.82 (95%CI; 21.93-83.57), for high risk pregnancy 2.76 (95%CI; 1.47-5.19) and for maternal age group more than 35 years in comparison to 19-35 years age group 0.2 (95%CI; 0.05-0.71).
Conclusion: Based on this study; prematurity and high risk pregnancy were the most important risk factors for LBW. There was also a reverse association between maternal age and LBW.

Keywords
Low Birth Weight; Infants; Risk Factors; Prematurity; Newborn

 
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