Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 23, No. 6, 2013, pp. 701-704
Bioline Code: pe13146
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 23, No. 6, 2013, pp. 701-704
© Copyright 2013 - Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Low Birth Weight and Its Related Risk Factors in Northeast Iran|
Chaman, Reza; Amiri, Mohammad; Raei, Mehdi; Ajami, Mohammad-Esmaeil; Sadeghian, Afsaneh & Khosravi, Ahmad
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) and its related
risk factors in an appropriate sample of neonates in Shahroud, northeast Iran.
Methods:At this study, a random sample of 1000 neonates were selected of which 72 neonates were LBWs.
We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods to evaluate the LBW risk factors in LBWs
compared to normal weight infants.
Findings: 7.2% of neonates were LBWs and 6.1% born before 37 weeks of gestation. Prematurity, high-risk
pregnancy and maternal age have significant statistical association with LBW. Odds Ratio (OR) for
prematurity was 42.82 (95%CI; 21.93-83.57), for high risk pregnancy 2.76 (95%CI; 1.47-5.19) and for
maternal age group more than 35 years in comparison to 19-35 years age group 0.2 (95%CI; 0.05-0.71).
Conclusion: Based on this study; prematurity and high risk pregnancy were the most important risk factors
for LBW. There was also a reverse association between maternal age and LBW.
Low Birth Weight; Infants; Risk Factors; Prematurity; Newborn
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