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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 24, No. 5, 2014, pp. 609-616
Bioline Code: pe14098
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 24, No. 5, 2014, pp. 609-616

 en Dermatoglyphic Patterns in Cystic Fibrosis Children
Ezzati, Atefeh; Batoei, Fereshteh; Jafari, Seyed-Ali; Kiyani, Mohammad-Ali; Mahdavi-Shahri, Naser; Ahanchian, Hamid; Tehranian, Shahrzad & Kianifar, Hamid-Reza

Abstract

Objective: It is believed that fingerprints and palm patterns may represent genetically determined congenital abnormalities in Cystic Fibrosis (CF). The main idea of this paper was to determine differences of fingerprints and palm patterns in CF and normal children.
Methods Forty-six CF children (27 males, 19 females) and 341 (113 males, 228 females) healthy individuals were recruited for this study. Fingerprint patterns, Total ridge count (TRC) of each finger, a-b ridge count, and atd angles of all participants were recorded. Asymmetry of the right and left hand for each value was determined and dissimilarity in fingerprint patterns between homologous fingers was compared using Chi-square analysis, Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test.
Findings: There were significant differences in the mean TRC of the right digit IV (P=0.009), left digit III (P=0.02), left digit IV (P=0.03), and left digit V (P=0.03). Furthermore, we found significant differences in right atd angel (P=0.001), left atd angel (P=0.002), right a-b ridge (P=0.007) and left a-b ridge (P=0.001). In contrast, we found no significant differences in atd angle asymmetry, a-b ridge count asymmetry and pattern dissimilarity score between both groups (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Dermatoglyphic characteristics could be used as a supplementary diagnostic method in CF children.

Keywords
Dermatglyphics; Cystic Fibrosis; Palm Patterns; Fingerprints; Children

 
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