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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 24, No. 5, 2014, pp. 647-651
Bioline Code: pe14104
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 24, No. 5, 2014, pp. 647-651

 en Mycoplasma Pneumoniae check for this species in other resources Infection with Neurologic Complications
Yimenicioğlu, Sevgi; Yakut, Ayten; Ekici, Arzu; Carman, Kursat Bora & Dinleyici, Ener Cagrı

Abstract

Background: Extrapulmonary complications of Mycoplasma Pneumoniae check for this species in other resources (M. pneumoniae) infection include encephalitis, optic neuritis, acute psychosis, stroke, cranial nerve palsies, aseptic meningitis and also it may be implicated in immune mediated neurological diseases such as acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis, Guillain-Barre syndrome and transverse myelitis.
Case Presentation: We present five cases with acute neurological diseases after M. pneumoniae infection. The clinical presentations were characterized by encephalitis in 2 patients, Gullain-Barre syndrome in 2 patients, transverse myelitis in 1 patient. M. pneumoniae infection was detected in serum by serological method. Only two patients had respiratory symptoms preceding M. pneumoniae infection. Brain MRI revealed hyperintensities on corpus striatum and mesencephalon in one patient with encephalitis, the other had front parietal coalescent periventricular white matter lesions on T2 images. The patient with transverse myelitis had cervical, dorsal and lumbar scattered hyperintense lesions on T2 images. Two patients were treated with high dose steroid, the other two patients received treatment with intravenous immune globuline.
Conclusion: M. pneumoniae may reveal different neurologic complications with different radiologic findings.

Keywords
Mycoplasma Pneumonia; Transverse Myelitis; Gullaın-Barre Syndrome; Encephalitis

 
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