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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 25, No. 5, 2015, pp. 1-4
Bioline Code: pe15074
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 25, No. 5, 2015, pp. 1-4

 en Outcome of Multi-Cystic Dysplastic Kidneys in Children
Mashat, Suleiman D.; El-Desoky, Sherif M. & Kari, Jameela Abdulaziz


Background: Renal cystic diseases are important causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Objectives: We report the pattern of renal cystic disease in children and evaluate the outcome of children with multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK).
Patients and Methods: Retrospective study of all children with cystic kidney diseases at King Abdulaziz University hospital from 2006 to 2014.
Results: Total of 55 children (30 males); 25 MCDK, 22 polycystic kidney diseases (PKD), 4 nephronophthises and 4 renal cysts. Consanguinity was positive in 96.2%. MCDK and simple renal cyst patients had good renal function while PKD and nephronophthisis developed renal impairment. Most MCKD were diagnosed ante-natally, 16 of them were followed up for 3.4 (1.97) year. Their last creatinine was 33.9 (13.5) umol/L. MCDK was spontaneously involuted at mean age of 2.6 (1.3) years in 56%.
Conclusions: MCDK is the commonest cystic renal disease and diagnosed ante-natally in the majority of cases. It has a good prognosis.

Cystic Kidney Disease; Children; Multicystic Dysplastic Kidneys

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