Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
Vol. 26, No. 2, 2016, pp. 1-4
Bioline Code: pe16017
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2016, pp. 1-4
© Copyright 2016 - Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Novel Mutation in the ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter A3 (ABCA3) Encoding Gene Causes Respiratory Distress Syndrome in A Term Newborn in Southwest Iran|
Rezaei, Farideh; Shafiei, Mohammad; Shariati, Gholamreza; Dehdashtian, Ali; Mohebbi, Maryam & Galehdari, Hamid
ABCA3 glycoprotein belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of transporters, which utilize the energy derived from hydrolysis of ATP for the translocation of a wide variety of substrates across the plasma membrane. Mutations in the ABCA3 gene are knowingly causative for fatal surfactant deficiency, particularly respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in term babies.
In this study, Sanger sequencing of the whole ABCA3 gene (NCBI NM_001089) was performed in a neonatal boy with severe RDS. A homozygous mutation has been identified in the patient. Parents were heterozygous for the same missense mutation GGA > AGA at position 202 in exon 6 of the ABCA3 gene (c.604G > A; p.G202R). Furthermore, 70 normal individuals have been analyzed for the mentioned change with negative results.
Regarding Human Genome Mutation Database (HGMD) and other literature recherche, the detected change is a novel mutation and has not been reported before. Bioinformatics mutation predicting tools prefer it as pathogenic.
Surfactant, ABCA3 Gene Mutation, Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS), Southwest Iran
Alternative site location: http://diglib.tums.ac.ir/pub/