NT-proBNP in Children With Left to Right Shunt and Dilated Cardiomyopathy|
Koura, Hala Mahmoud; Abdalla, Neamat M.; Ibrahim, Mona Hamed; Hashish, Maha M. A. Abo & Zaki, Sherif Mohamed
Background: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are elevated in children with congenital heart disease involving a left-to-right shunt (LRS) and
are also raised in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). As far as we know, there are few reports in the literature comparing the change of the NT-proBNP
in LRS and DCM especially in the pediatric age group.
Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare the changes of the NT-proBNP in pediatric patients with LRS and DCM. Correlation between the
levels of NT-proBNP and the echocardiographic parameters in both groups was determined.
Patients and Methods: A total of 30 children (13 males and 17 females) participated in the study. There were 11/30 (36.7%) DCM and 19/30 (63.3%) LRS.
The control group consisted of 44 healthy infants and children. Manifestations of heart failure (decompensation) were recorded. The NT-pro BNP
levels were measured. The following Echo parameters were assessed: systolic function (ejection fraction and fraction shortening), pulmonary to systemicflow(
Qp/Qs) in LRS, pulmonaryflowand pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) and LV diastolic function (E-wave, A-wave, E/A ratio and deceleration
Results: Clinically 17/30 (56.7%) (11 of the LRS and 5 of the DCM) were decompensated. Significant shunt was present in 15/19 (78.9%) in LRS. Systolic
dysfunction was presented in 5/30 (16.7%) cases (4 patients were DCM and one case was LRS). Two types of diastolic dysfunction, impaired relaxation
in 5/22 (22.7%) patients and restrictive-like filling pattern in 5/16 (31.2 %) were observed. The NT-Pro BNP level was significantly elevated 11 and 16 times
in the LRS and DCM groups respectively. Negative significant correlations were observed between the levels of NT-ProBNP and the following echo
variables; EDD, LAD, E wave and E/A ratio in the LRS patients. Positive significant correlations were observed between the levels of NT-ProBNP and the
following echo variables; PAP and QP/QS in the LRS. Both the PAP and QP/QS were higher in the elevated NT-Pro BNP group compared to the normal
level group. The NT-Pro BNP level was elevated in all 17/30 (56.7%) decompensated patients (11 were LRS, 6 were DCM) (P = 0.002). However, the level
was elevated in only 7/13 (23.3%) of the compensated patients (3 were LRS, 4 were DCM) (P = 0.002). The NT-Pro BNP level was also elevated in 18/19
cases with pulmonary hypertension (P = 0.01). Finally, we conclude that the NT-ProBNP level is elevated in both LRS and DCM in pediatric age. This
elevation is more remarkable with heart failure and increased PAP in both diseased groups. The level was also elevated and correlated to Qp/Qs in
the LRS patients.
Conclusions: So, werecommend the use of NT-ProBNP as a routine marker for following up patients with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension
in LRS and DCM.
NT-proBNP; LEFT to Right Shunt; Dilated Cardiomyopathy