Evaluation of Risk Factors and Follow-Up Criteria for Severity of Snakebite in Children|
Aktar, Fesih; Aktar, Safak; Yolbas, Ilyas & Tekin, Recep
Background: Snakebites are an emergency medical condition and require rapid treatment procedures in children.
Objectives: This study aimed to present an overview of the demographic characteristics, clinical presentations, laboratory findings,
severity, and complications that developed in pediatric patients due to snakebites.
Patients and Methods: A total of 151 children with snakebite were enrolled in the study. All patients had a history of snakebite
obtained between June 2006 and August 2015 retrospectively.
Results: Duration of hospitalization (P < 0.001), rural occurrence (P < 0.001), white blood cell (WBC) count (P = 0.002), aspartate
aminotransferase to alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) ratio (P = 0.010), hypoproteinemia (P = 0.001), hypoalbuminemia (P
< 0.001), and hypocalcemia (P = 0.005) were significantly high in the severe snakebite group. WBC (P = 0.006) and AST/ALT ratio (P
= 0.018) were significantly higher on the first day of the snakebite than on subsequent days.
Conclusions: Children admitted to the hospital due to snakebite should be monitored for at least 24 - 48 hours even if no signs
of clinical envenomation could be observed. According to the severity of the disease, antivenom should be administered to the
patients. Duration of hospitalization, rural occurrence, WBC count, AST/ALT ratio, CK, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, and
hypocalcemia can be associated with the severity of snakebite. WBC AST/ALT ratio can be used as follow-up criteria in children with
Snakebite; Envenomation; Antivenom; Child