The Needs of Parents of Preterm Infants in Iran and a Comparison With Those in Other Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis|
Mousavi, Seyedeh Saeedeh; Chaman, Reza; Khosravi, Ahmad; Mohagheghi, Parisa; Mousavi, Seyed Abbas & Keramat, Afsaneh
Context: Proper accountability to needs of preterm infants’ parents requires recognition of these needs and how they change in
different conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the needs of parents of preterm infants in Iran, as compared to those in
other regions in the world.
Evidence Acquisition: A search of Iranian databases (IranMedex, Magiran, and SID) and international resources (PubMed, Scopus,
and Google Scholar) was conducted, with no time limitations, to 5 October 2014. Using standard tools, all quantitative studies that
considering the parental needs of preterm infants and parental support were extracted. The STROBE checklist was used for the
evaluation of the studies. Thirty-one studies were extracted in the qualitative evaluation, of which 17 were included in the metaanalysis.
The variance between the studies was analyzed using tau-squared (Tau2) and review manager 5 software.
Results: The results obtained using the nurse-parent support tool (NPST) showed that mothers considered that all the fields of support
were of great importance. The parental needs in Iran were similar to those of parents in other regions worldwide. However,
the mean score for Iranian parents’ assessment of the support they received was 2.20 ± 0.06, whereas it was 3.84 ± 0.72 for other
countries. The mean scores for parents’ assessment of the provision of emotional, informational appraisal, and instrumental support
in Iran were 1.73±0.06, 2.1±0.06, 1.54±0.6, and 3.44±0.04, respectively, compared to 3.181.34, 4.110.5, 4.260.18, and
4.510.14, respectively, in other countries.
Conclusions: Parents always prefer the priorities of their babies to their individual needs. Given the lower scores for the parental
assessment of received support in Iran, it is important to focus on these specific items in providing interventions to meet the needs
of Iranian parents.
Needs; Parents; Premature Infant; Support; Systematic Review