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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-5996
Vol. 1, No. 2, 2002, pp. 91-98
Bioline Code: pr02013
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2002, pp. 91-98

 en Studies on the Genotoxic and Mutagenic Potentials of Mefloquine
John O Akerele and Emmanuel E Obaseiki-Ebor


Purpose: The detection of mefloquine mutagenicity has not been achieved by the use of Salmonella typhimurium his TA1535, TA1537 as tester strains. With the introduction of improved and more sensitive strains, it is of interest to evaluate the current mutagenic and genotoxic status of the drug. This study presents data on the in-vitro mutagenic and genotoxic potentials of mefloquine hydrochloride clinically used as an antimalarial agent.
Method: The mutagenicity potentials was investigated in the Escherichia coli WP2 trp and WP2 uvrA trp tester strains containing the plasmids, pEB017 and pKM101, and the Salmonella typhimurium TA97 containing pKM101. The genotoxicity potential was determined using the microscreen phage-induction assay.
Results: The presence of plasmids pEBO17 and pKM101 enhanced the detection of mutagenicity of mefloquine. Microsomal-activated mefloquine unequivocally elicited base-pair substitution mutagenicity. The genotoxicity test indicated that mefloquine was generally not genotoxic but was of the same potential mutagenicity as chloroquine phosphate.
Conclusion: Melfloquine hydrochloride exhibits base pair substitution mutagenesis, but not potentially genotoxic, even though it showed concentration dependent cytotoxicity. Its use as a last line antimalarial agent should still be encouraged.

Base-pair substitution, genotoxicity, mefloquine hydrochloride, mutagenicity, R-plasmid pEB017

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