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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-5996
Vol. 8, No. 2, 2009, pp. 111-116
Bioline Code: pr09015
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2009, pp. 111-116

 en Dose-Dependent Amelioration of Gentamicin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Adult Swiss Albino Rats by Vitamin B-complex -A Preliminary Study
Bello, Shaibu O. & Chika, Aminu


Purpose: To evaluate the effect of vitamin B-complex on the nephrotoxicity of gentamicin in an established rat model.
Methods: Adult Swiss albino rats weighing 170±20g were divided into 4 groups of 4 rats each. Each group was given one of the following: placebo injection (Control), 80mg/kg of gentamicin sulphate alone or with 1.5ml/kg/3ml/kg body weight of vitamin B-complex (intramuscular) containing 10mg thiamine, 1.5mg riboflavin and 1.0mg pyridoxal-6-phosphate per ml.
Results: In the Swiss albino rats, daily intramuscular 80mg/kg gentamicin sulphate significantly (p<0.05) and consistently produced biochemical signs of nephrotoxicity after 5 days. Also, 1.5 ml/kg of B-complex significantly (p<0.05) ameliorated the rate and extent of increase in serum urea and creatine while 3ml/kg of the same drug completely prevented the increase in serum urea and creatine in this model.
Conclusion: Vitamin B-complex dose-dependently ameliorated gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in adult Swiss albino rats when given intramuscularly. This finding may have important clinical utility.

Gentamicin, B-complex, Swiss albino rats, Nephrotoxicity, Serum urea and creatine.

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