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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 8, No. 3, 2009, pp. 247-255
Bioline Code: pr09033
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2009, pp. 247-255

 en Optimization and Development of Swellable Controlled Porosity Osmotic Pump Tablet for Theophylline
Rao, B. Prakash; Geetha, M.; Purushothama, N. & Sanki, Utpal

Abstract

Purpose: To develop swellable controlled porosity osmotic pump tablet of theophylline and to define the formulation and process variables responsible for drug release by applying statistical optimization technique.
Methods: Formulations were prepared based on Taguchi Orthogonal Array design and Fraction Factorial design for core and coating, respectively. The tablets were prepared by direct compression and wet granulation methods; spray coated with ethyl cellulose solution containing varying amounts of PEG 400 and plasdone. Drug release from the osmotic drug delivery system was studied using USP Type I paddle type apparatus. The membrane morphology of the delivery system was determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
Results: Optimization results indicated that the release rate of theophylline from the swellable controlled porosity osmotic pump tablet is directly proportional to the levels of osmotic agent, solubilizing agent and pore former in the tablet core and the membrane, respectively. SEM showed the formation of pores in the membrane through which drug release occurred. The best formulation showed 98.2 % drug release and complied with USP requirements.
Conclusion: The results confirmed that the factors responsible for drug release were osmotic agents (core) and pore former (membrane). Also, the preparation of swellable controlled porosity osmotic pump tablet was facilitated by coating the core tablet with pore forming agent, thus eliminating the need for the more expensive laser drilling.

Keywords
Swellable, Controlled Porosity, Osmotic Pump Tablet, Taguchi Orthogonal design, Fraction factorial design, Osmotic agent, Pore former, Scanning electron microscopy.

 
© © Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, 300001 Nigeria.
Alternative site location: http://www.tjpr.org

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