Purpose: To study the effect of different inhibitors on the fibrinolytic activity of the enzyme produced by Ganoderma Lucidum.
Method: The intracellular fibrinolytic protease produced by Ganoderma lucidum VK12 was isolated from the mycelia grown in MCDBF broth and was purified to homogeneity using ammonium sulfate fractionation, ion exchange chromatography and sephadex G-150 column chromatography techniques. The purity of the enzyme was verified on SDS-PAGE after silver nitrate staining. The inhibitory effect of different metal ions and commercial protease inhibitors on enzyme activity was studied. The inhibitortreated enzyme was assayed with its substrate and the residual activity of the enzyme recorded.
Result: The fibrinolytic enzyme isolated from Ganoderma lucidum was purified to near homogeneity and it appeared as a single protein band on SDS-PAGE. Metal ions such as Ca2+ and Mg2+ inhibited the activity of the enzyme while Zn2+ ions enhanced the activity. . Complete inactivation occurred when the enzyme was incubated with protease inhibitors such as EDTA, 1, 10-phenanthroline, phosphoamidon while the enzyme was insensitive to protease inhibitors such as leupeptin, PMSF, TPCK and APMSF.
Conclusion: Copper sulfate completely inhibited the enzyme activity. The sensitivity of this enzyme to EDTA suggests that it might be a metalloprotease.