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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 10, No. 5, 2011, pp. 577-585
Bioline Code: pr11070
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 10, No. 5, 2011, pp. 577-585

 en Candidacidal Action of CF66I, an Antifungal Compound Produced by Burkholderia Cepacia check for this species in other resources
Li, Xin; Yu, Hui-Ying & Quan, Chun-Shan

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the candidacidal activity of a novel compound CF66I and attempt to elucidate its mode of action.
Methods: Minimal inhibition concentrations (MIC) and minimal fungicidal concentrations (MFC) of CF66I for Candida albicans were determined using serial broth dilution method. Colony count assay, K+ release, propidium iodide (PI) uptake and electron microscopy were used to determine the manner in which CF66I exerts its candidacidal effects.
Results: MIC and MFC of CF66I were determined to be 5.0 - 7.0 μg/ml and 14.0 - 18.0 μg/ml. It showed strong candidacidal activity over a wide pH range (4.0-7.4). The compound killed C. albicans within 30 s. It preferentially bound to the surface of C. albicans via a specific interaction with β-1,6-glucan, one of fungal cell wall components, and then affected the normal structure of fungal cell wall and induced cell wall thickening, which was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) CF66I also exerted its candidacidal activity against cell membrane, eventually induced K+ release from C. albicans and PI uptake. Membrane-attacking ability was also found via electron microscopy.
Conclusion: These results suggest that CF66I exerted its candidacidal activity on multiple target sites on C. albicans, and may have considerable potential for development of a new class of antifungal agents.

Keywords
Burkholderia cepacia, Candidacidal activity; CF66I; Candida albicans; Mode of action

 
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