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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 11, No. 3, 2012, pp. 485-498
Bioline Code: pr12059
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2012, pp. 485-498

 en Chemical Constituents and Biological Properties of the Marine Soft Coral Nephthea check for this species in other resources : A Review (Part 1)
Amir, Faheem; Koay, Yen Chin & Yam, Wan Sinn

Abstract

The genus Nephthea check for this species in other resources is a member of the family Acyonaceae, subfamily Nephtheidae, and is distributed throughout the world mainly in the Indo-Pacific region. The genus Nephthea has been studied for its phytochemical constituents and these studies have resulted in the discovery of over a hundred compounds comprising amides, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes and steroids. Corresponding biological activities such as anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities have also been observed for some of the isolated constituents. Among the isolated constituents, steroids are the most abundant followed by diterpenes and sesqui biological activities reported for twelve species of the genus Nephthea, namely, Nephthea albida check for this species in other resources , Nephthea armata check for this species in other resources , Nephthea bayeri check for this species in other resources , Nephthea brassica check for this species in other resources , Nephthea capnelliformis check for this species in other resources , Nephthea crassica check for this species in other resources , Nephthea elongata check for this species in other resources , Nephthea erecta check for this species in other resources , Nephthea hainansis check for this species in other resources , Nephthea pacifica check for this species in other resources , Nephthea chabrolii check for this species in other resources and Nephthea sinulata check for this species in other resources . The purpose of the review is to draw greater attention to the potentials of soft corals as a source of new drugs and secondary metabolites.

Keywords
Marine corals, Acyonaceae, Nephtheidae, Nephthea, Sesquiterpenes, Diterpenes, Steroids

 
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