To investigate the hypotensive potential of Berberis Orthobotrys
Bien Ex Aitch (Family: Berberidaceae) in both normotensive and hypertensive rats.
Aqueous-methanol (70:30) extract of Berberis orthobotrys
at doses of 25, 50, 75 and 100 mg/kg was evaluated for its effect on blood pressure and heart rate using non-invasive blood pressure measuring apparatus. After initial screening, 100 mg/kg dose that produced a maximum effect was selected for the antihypertensive study. Median lethal dose (LD50
) and sub-chronic toxicity of the extract were also determined. Various biochemical parameters and organ weight were measured using standard procedures.
The extract produced a significant (p < 0.01) decrease in systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean blood pressure (MBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate of normotensive rats at all test doses with maximum effect at 100 mg/kg. Similarly, a significant antihypertensive and negative chronotropic effect was observed in both hypertensive models. LD50
of the extract was 200 mg/kg in mice. The extract also exhibited a reduction (p < 0.05) in serum alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransaminase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), triglycerides and low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels while a significant (p < 0.05) increase in high density lipoproteins (HDL) level was observed.
It seems that the aqueous-methanol extract of Berberis orthobotrys
possesses active compounds which may be responsible for the antihypertensive and negative chronotropic effects in rats.