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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-5996
Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, pp. 433-438
Bioline Code: pr13065
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, pp. 433-438

 en Pharmacists’ Perception of the Sale of Non-Clinically Proven Health Supplements in Penang, Malaysia
Hassali, Mohamed A; Saleem, Fahad; Khan, Tahir M; Aljadhey, Hisham; Farooqui, Maryam & ul Haq, Noman


Purpose: To explore community pharmacists’ perception of the sale of non-clinically proven health supplements and over-the-counter (OTC) products available in Penang, Malaysia.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey using a self-completed postal questionnaire was conducted in July 2010 among 200 community pharmacists practicing in Penang Island.
Results: Fifty six pharmacists participated in the study (response rate, 28.0 %). A total of 10.7 % respondents indicated that the sale of non-clinically proven products result in high profit. Only 25.0 % of the pharmacists believed that non-clinically proven OTC products are effective, while 35.7 % thought that it is not ethical to sell these products. A majority of the respondents (94.7 %) agreed that manufacturers’ advertisement have a huge effect on positive consumers’ behaviour towards such products. Most respondents agreed that manufacturers of these products claim that their products are effective (57.1 %) and have few or no side effects (60.7 %).
Conclusions: Pharmacists who participated in the study have mixed opinions on the efficacy and effectiveness of non-clinically proven products. There is a need for pharmacists to be well educated on the evidence-based use of these products in order to be able to offer appropriate advice to those who come to them to purchase the items.

Perception; Health promotion; Health supplements; Urban poor

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