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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-5996
Vol. 13, No. 1, 2014, pp. 23-29
Bioline Code: pr14004
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2014, pp. 23-29

 en Evaluation of Palm Oil-Based Paracetamol Suppositories by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Noordin, Mohamed Ibrahim; Yong, Chung Lip; Mofat, Ilyana; Zainuddin, Zainorwan; Arya, Aditya & Nyamathulla, Shaik


Purpose: To use differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to predict the liquefaction time and dissolution profile of some commercial paracetamol suppositories as well as paracetamol suppositories formulated with palm oil base.
Methods: The suppository base was prepared by mixing hydrogenated palm oil and palm kernel stearin in a ratio of 8:2. Three commercial paracetamol suppositories (A, B, and C) were purchased, while product D, paracetamol suppository was formulated with suppository base using the double casting method. In-vitro drug release from suppositories was determined using DSC and the effect of liquefaction on drug release was studied. The relationship between suppository melting and dissolution was analysed statistically.
Results: The melting temperature of products A and B were 41.0 and 40.0 ºC respectively, whereas those of products C and D were 35.9 and 33.1 ºC, respectively. The liquefaction time of the suppositories were 61.4 (A), 54.2 (B), 9.0 (C) and 7.4 min (D). Less than 40 % paracetamol was released from products A and B in 2 h, while products C and D showed good dissolution with > 95 % drug release in 15 min. Statistical analysis using Pearson’s test indicates that the proportion of melt in the suppository base correlates well with drug release (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Paracetamol release from palm oil suppositories is rapid and correlates with melting of the base. DSC can be used to predict drug release in paracetamol suppository formulations.

Palm oil; Liquefaction time; Paracetamol; Suppositories; Thermal analysis

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