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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 13, No. 5, 2014, pp. 739-745
Bioline Code: pr14105
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 13, No. 5, 2014, pp. 739-745

 en Sulfonamide Derivatives of 2-Amino-1-phenylethane as Suitable Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Abbasi, Muhammad A; Ahmad, Sagheer; Rehman, Aziz-ur-; Rasool, Shahid; Khan, Khalid M; Ashraf, Muhammad; Nasar, Rumana & Ismail, Tayaba

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the enzyme inhibition activity of N-substituted sulfamoyl derivatives of 2-amino-1- phenylethane as probable new drug candidates for the treatment of Alzheimer’s diseases.
Methods: A series of sulfamoyl derivatives, 3a-l, of 1-amino-2-phenylethane (1) were synthesized by reacting with various aryl sulfonyl chlorides, 2a-l, in the presence of aqueous Na2CO3 solution under definite pH control. All the synthesized molecules were screened against three enzymes, acetyl cholinesterase (AChE), butyryl cholinesterase (BChE) and lipoxygenase (LOX). The synthesized derivatives were further characterized by infra-red spectroscopy (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance (1H- NMR) and electron ionization–mass spectrometry (EI-MS) for structure elucidation.
Results: Screening against acetyl cholinesterase (AChE), butyryl cholinesterase (BChE) and lipoxygenase (LOX) showed these molecules to be suitable inhibitors of cholinesterase enzymes, AChE and BChE, relative to eserine, the reference standard. The molecule, 3c, remained effective with 50 % inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of 82.93 ± 0.15 μM (relative to eserine with IC50 value of 0.04 ± 0.0001 μM) against AChE; similarly 3d was active against BChE with IC50 value of 45.65 ± 0.48 μM compared to eserine with IC50 value of 0.85 ± 0.00 μM. The molecule, 3f, was inactive against all the three enzymes.
Conclusion: Overall, the results indicate that these compounds are active against cholinesterase enzymes but less potent against lipoxygenase enzyme.

Keywords
1-Amino-2-phenylethane; Aryl sulfonyl chlorides; Cholinesterase enzymes; Lipoxygenase

 
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