Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Vol. 13, No. 12, 2014, pp. 2109-2114
Bioline Code: pr14291
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 13, No. 12, 2014, pp. 2109-2114
© Copyright 2014 - Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Pharmacy Students in a University in Benin City, Nigeria|
Odili, Valentine U.; Egor, Florence O.; Osarenmwinda, Ikponmwosa M. & Obieche, Anthonia O.
Purpose: To identify the prevalence as well as determine gender differences in overweight and obesity
among undergraduate pharmacy students of the University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
Methods: Undergraduate pharmacy students (n = 172) of University of Benin, aged 18 years and
above, were recruited for the study. Body mass index, (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist/hip
ratio (WHR) were measured using standard methods. Blood pressure (BP), and fasting blood glucose
(FBG) levels were also measured.
Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in the sample based on the three anthropometric
indices yielded different rates as follows: BMI (10.5 and 1.2 %), WHR (8.1 and 2.3 %), WC (6.9 and
1.7 %), respectively. WHR and WC, but not BMI, reported higher prevalence of overweight among
females than males. Only 4 (2.3 %) and 1 (0.58 %) of the subjects had high BP (≥ 140/90 mm Hg) and
FBG (> 126 mg/dl).
Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as hypertension and diabetes among
pharmacy students sampled is low. Among the overweight and obese, there was no gender difference
with regard to BMI. However, WHR and WC revealed that more females compared to males were
overweight or obese.
Overweight; Obesity; Body mass index; Waist-hip-ratio; Anthropometric index; Hypertension; Diabetes
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