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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 14, No. 1, 2015, pp. 103-109
Bioline Code: pr15015
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2015, pp. 103-109

 en Larvicidal activity of Illicium difengpi BN Chang (Schisandraceae) Stem Bark and its Constituent Compounds against Aedes aegypti check for this species in other resources L
Liu, Ying; Liu, Xin Chao; Liu, Qi Yong; Niu, Chang & Liu, Zhi Long

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the larvicidal activity of the essential oil derived from Illicium difengpi B.N. Chang stem bark (Schisandraceae) and its major constituents against the larvae of Aedes aegypti check for this species in other resources L.
Methods: Essential oil of I. difengpi stem bark was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromaotography-mas spectrometry (GC-MS). The activity of the essential oil and its major constituents was evaluated, using World Health Organization (WHO) procedures, against the fourth instar larvae of A. aegypti for 24 h, and larval mortalities recorded at essential oil/compound concentrations ranging from 6.0 - 200 μg/mL.
Results: A total of 36 components of the essential oil of I. difengpi were identified. The principal compounds are safrole (18.21 %), linalool (13.47 %), 1,8-cineole (12.84 %), and myristicin (8.06 %) followed by α-terpineol (4.77 %), β-pinene (4.45 %) and 4-terpineol (4.38 %). The essential oil exhibited larvicidal activity against A. aegypti with LC50 (median lethal concentration) of 31.68 μg/mL. The major constituents, myristicin, safrole, and 1, 8-cineole, exhibited LC50 of 15.26, 39.45, and 72.18 μg/mL, respectively.
Conclusion: The findings obtained indicate that the essential oil of I. difengpi and its major constituents have potentials for use in the control of A. aegypti larvae and may therefore be useful in the search for newer, safer and more effective natural compounds as larvicides.

Keywords
Illicium difengpi; Aedes aegypti; Larvicidal activity; Myristicin; Safrole; 1,8-Cineole; Linalool

 
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