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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 14, No. 1, 2015, pp. 125-131
Bioline Code: pr15018
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2015, pp. 125-131

 en Effect of Extract of Aerial Parts of Urtica dioica check for this species in other resources (Urticaceae) on the Stability of Soybean Oil
Ebrahimzadeh, Mohammad Ali; Gharekhani, Mehdi; Ghorbani, Mohammad & Dargany, Pegah

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of Urtica dioica check for this species in other resources (Urticaceae) extract as a natural antioxidant and compare with the most commonly used synthetic antioxidants, butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT).
Methods: Three different U. dioica extracts, viz, chloroform, methanol (80 %) and water extracts, were prepared. The antioxidant activity of the extracts were evaluated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging and soybean oil models. Varying concentrations of the extracts (200, 500 and 800 ppm), BHA and BHT (100 and 200 ppm) were separately added to soybean oil and stored in the oven (60±1 °C) for 25 days. Peroxide and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) values were measured at various heating periods for the oil samples. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents of the extracts were determined using Folin–Ciocalteu and aluminium chloride methods, respectively, while the aerial parts of the plant were also phytochemically screened.
Results: Analysis of the chemical composition of U. dioica aerial parts showed they contain crude proteins (21.78 %±0.11), crude lipids (1.66 %±0.03), total soluble carbohydrates (37.19 %±0.21), crude fibers (19.62 %±0.14) and ash (19.75 %±0.17). The aqueous extract contained the highest level of total phenolic contents (7.89 ±0.38, mg g-1 of powder) while the choroform extract contained the highest level of flavonoid contents (15.40 ±0.53 mg g-1 powder). The half-maximal concentration (IC50) values for chloroform, methanol (80 %) and aqueous extracts in respect of DPPH radical scavenging activity were 77.53±0.99, 199.71±1.02 and 159.88±1.57 μg ml-1, respectively. Mixing soybean oil with 200 - 800 ppm of extract decreased oil oxidation and formation rate of TBA reacting substances at a level that is almost equivalent to the synthetic antioxidant, BHT, at a concentration of 200 ppm.
Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that mixing soybean oil with U. dioica extract can improve the quality of the oil during frying process.

Keywords
Antioxidant activity; Soybean oil; DPPH; Peroxide value; Thiobarbituric acid value; Urtica dioica

 
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