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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 14, No. 4, 2015, pp. 599-604
Bioline Code: pr15078
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2015, pp. 599-604

 en Improvement of 2-O-α-D-Glucopyranosyl-L-Ascorbic Acid Biosynthesis Using Ultrasonic Radiation
Eibaid, Ahmed I.; Miao, Ming; Jiang, Bo; Bashari, Mohanad O. & Musa, Abubakar

Abstract

Purpose: To improve 2-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acid (AA-2G) production using ultrasonic radiation (UR) treatment.
Methods: The production of AA-2G using UR or ultrasonic radiation with shaking (URS) at 150 rpm, at varying power (100 − 500 W), temperature (30 – 65 °C), pH 4.0 −9.0, and time (2−24 h) was compared with that produced in a shaker water bath (SWB) in a reaction catalyzed by cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) from Bacillus check for this species in other resources sp. SK13.002. The effect of URS on CGTase activity was also measured.
Results: Maximum AA-2G production using UR at a power of 400 W, temperature of 37 °C, and pH 8.0 for 18 h was 5.69 ± 0.2 g/L, while URS at 500 W/150 rpm and 37 °C for 14 h yielded 7.05 ± 0.21 g/L of AA-2G. URS at 500 W/150 rpm, 55 °C, and pH 8.0 for 6 h yielded 6.6 ± 0.25 g/L of AA-2G. URS at 37 and 55 °C significantly increased CGTase activity. AA-2G yield using UR (400 W) was decreased by 9.7 % compared to that produced by SWB. However, the AA-2G yield using USS (500 W/150 rpm) at 37 and 55 °C increased by 11.9 and 4.8 %, respectively, with a reduction in process time of 41.7 and 75 %, respectively, compared to that previously produced by SWB.
Conclusion: These results indicate that UR combined with shaking improves AA-2G production.

Keywords
2-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acid; Ultrasonic radiation; Transglycosylation; Bacillus sp. SK13.002

 
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