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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 14, No. 4, 2015, pp. 707-714
Bioline Code: pr15093
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2015, pp. 707-714

 en Rational Antimicrobial Use in an Intensive Care Unit in Jakarta, Indonesia: A Hospital-Based, Cross-Sectional Study
Luciana; Andrajati, Retnosari; Rianti, Alfina & Khan, Amer Hayat

Abstract

Purpose: To analyze the rationality of antimicrobial usage and factors influencing it over the period of January to December 2010 in Fatmawati General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Methods: Present study was conducted in the intensive care unit of Fatmawati General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. Gyssens method was used to assess the rationality of antimicrobial use. Data for this retrospective, cross-sectional study were drawn from patients’ medical record files. Multivariate analysis with ordinal logistic regression was used to determine the dominant factors affecting the appropriateness of antimicrobial use.
Results: Data for 410 patients from the intensive care unit (ICU) was collected. There were 912 antimicrobial regimens prescribed for these patients. Based on Gyssens method, 805 antimicrobial regimens were empirical and 107 definitive. Of the empirical regimens, 596 (74.03 %) were inappropriate, while of the definitive regimens, 84 (78.51 %) were inappropriate. Site of infection, comorbid conditions and economic status of patients were the main factors that influenced the appropriateness of antimicrobial treatment choice.
Conclusion: A higher degree of irrational use of antimicrobial agents occurs in the ICU of the hospital studied, this can lead to increase in the burden of disease.

Keywords
Rational use; Antimicrobial; Empirical treatment; Gyssens method; Intensive care

 
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