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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 14, No. 5, 2015, pp. 789-794
Bioline Code: pr15103
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2015, pp. 789-794

 en Phytochemical Composition and Antihyperplasic Effect of Fructus Hordei. G in Rats
Chen, Yi-ru & Li, Bao-sheng


Purpose: To investigate the phytochemical profile and antihyperplasic effect of ethanol extract of Fructus Hordei. G (FHE) on hyperplasia of mammary gland (HMG) in rats.
Methods: The Fructus Hordei. G extract (FHE) was obtained by a rotary vacuum evaporator. The total flavonoids, total alkaloids and total phenolic compounds in FHE were assayed by aluminum chloride colorimetric method, acid-dye colorimetry and Folin-Ciocalteu method, respectively. HMG model rats were prepared for the experiments by injecting estradiol and progesterone. After oral administration with 150, 300 and 600 mg/kg of FHE for 30 days, breast nipple height, and serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), malondialdehyde (MDA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), estradiol (E2), progesterone (P), prolactin (PRL), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) levels of the rats were measured by ELISA kits. The pathological morphology of mammary gland tissues was examined by optical microscopy.
Results: The ethanol extract of FHE contained 1.88 ± 0.05 mg total flavonoids/g as quercetin equivalent (QE), 21.93 ± 0.06 mg hordenine equivalent (HE) of total alkaloids/g extract and 70.64 ± 0.11 mg total phenols/g gallic acid equivalent (GAE). The extract significantly diminished breast nipple height, MDA, 5-HT, E2, PRL, FSH and GnRH levels, and increased SOD, GSH-Px, P and LH levels (p < 0.05). FHE inhibited the alveolus, lobules and secretion of the mammary gland.
Conclusion: Fructus Hordei extract has significant antihyperplasia effect on mice mammary gland by regulating serum sex hormones.

Fructus Hordei Flavonoids; Alkaloids; Phenolics; Hyperplasia Mammary gland

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