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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 14, No. 6, 2015, pp. 967-976
Bioline Code: pr15126
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 14, No. 6, 2015, pp. 967-976

 en C5 Extract Induces Apoptosis in B16F10 Murine Melanoma Cells through Extrinsic and Intrinsic Apoptotic Pathways and Sub - G1 Phase Arrest
Oyungerel, Baatartsogt; Chung, Seungyun; Yoon, Do - Young; Han, Tae - Young; Han, Il - Young; Kweon, Kee - Tae; Kim, Kyeng - Min; Jeon, Gwang - Joo & Choi, Kang - Duk

Abstract

Purpose: To investiga te the anti - cancer activities of C5 extract (C5E), a new herbal preparation from Korea, on B16F10 cells.
Methods: The anti - proliferative effects of C5E were assessed by culturing B16F10 cells in the presence or absence of C5E. Cell cycle progression was an alyzed by PI staining using flow cytometry. The quantities of apoptosis - inducing proteins were measured by Western blot.
Results: C5E inhibited the proliferation of B16F10 cells but not human keratinocytes. C5E induced S phase arrest by interfering with ce ll regulatory factors such as cyclins B1, D1, D3, and E, and cyclin - dependent kinase 2, in B16F10 cells. Furthermore, immunoblot analysis confirmed that treatment with C5E induced apoptosis and cleaved caspase - 3, poly (ADP - ribose) polymerase, via extrinsic pathway, whereas Bcl - 2 expression was down - regulated. In addition, the suppression of cell proliferation by C5E is through down - regulation of p - Akt, up - regulation of phosphatase and tensin homolog protein expression via phosphoinositol 3 kinase survival s ignaling pathways in B16F10 cells. The combined cytotoxic effects of C5E and vinblastine generated 10 % increase in activity in contrast to the sum of the inhibitory effects of the individual agents.
Conclusion: C5E shows promising anti - cancer activity and can be a useful adjuvant with vinblastine in combination therapeutic treatment of skin cancer.

Keywords
Melanoma; Apoptosis; Anti-cancer; p53; Vinblastine; Cell cycle arrest; Caspase

 
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