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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 14, No. 9, 2015, pp. 1589-1595
Bioline Code: pr15207
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 14, No. 9, 2015, pp. 1589-1595

 en Inhibitory Effect of Berberine on Zeste Homolog 2 (Ezh2) Enhancement in Human Esophageal Cell Lines
Chen, Si-Ze; Chen, Xue-Mei; Li, Yu-Qi; Zhang, Fan; Yang, Shu; Mo, Kai Lan; Mo, Xian-Yi & Ding, Ying

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the inhibitory effect of berberine treatment on enhancement of zeste of homolog 2 (Ezh2) expressions in KYSE450 human esophageal cancer cells.
Methods: Transwell motility chambers were used to analyze cell migration and invasion. Bio-Rad protein assay was used for the determination of protein concentration. Chemiluminescence with ECL system was employed for the detection of protein bands as per the manufacturer’s protocol. Staining was carried out with Alexa-Fluor 647 mouse anti-BrdU antibody. Flow cytometry was performed after adding DAPI. Annexin-V/DAPI staining and flow cytometry were used for the quantification of apoptotic cell death. Total RNA was isolated from KYSE450 cells using an RNA isolation kit.
Results: Berberine-induced inhibition of Ezh2 expression led to inhibition of cell proliferation by G1 phase cell cycle arrest and induced anti-invasive properties of KYSE450 cells in Boyden chamber assays. There was 92 % reduction in invasive tendency of KYSE450 cells following treatment with berberine. Histone methylation inhibitor, 3-deazaneoplanocin A (DZNep), also led to a similar effect on cell proliferation of KYSE450 cells. Berberine treatment also resulted in strong transcriptional reduction of the AXL receptor kinase. The results of qRT-PCR and FACS analyses showed significant inhibition of AXL mRNA and protein expression in KYSE450 carcinoma cells after treatment with berberine.
Conclusion: Berberine may be an effective therapeutic agent in the treatment of esophageal carcinoma.

Keywords
Berberine; Histone methylation inhibitor; Anti-invasive; Cell proliferation; Human Esophageal cancer

 
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