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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 14, No. 9, 2015, pp. 1703-1712
Bioline Code: pr15223
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 14, No. 9, 2015, pp. 1703-1712

 en Occupational and Environmental Risks from Mancozeb in Aviation Facilities in the Banana Producing Area of Teapa, Tabasco, Mexico
Domínguez-Rodríguez, Verónica I.; Obrador-Olán, José J.; Adams, Randy H.; Zavala-Cruz, Joel; Vaquera-Huerta, Humberto; Guerrero-Peña, Armando & Miranda-Cruz, Edith

Abstract

Purpose: To identify occupational risks and practices in the four aerial fumigation facilities in the Sierra banana growing region and to evaluate environmental impacts from Mancozeb use.
Methods: Occupational health risks were identified and practices in the four aerial fumigation facilities in the Sierra banana growing region were documented. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with installation managers. To evaluate environmental impact, samples of water and soil were collected and analysed in an acute toxicity bioassay with Vibrio fischeri, using uncontaminated soil and water to establish background levels.
Results: Even in the largest and best-equipped facility, serious risks to workers’ health were encountered from inadequate use of protective equipment by workers. Furthermore, excessive use of pesticide, lack of re-use of unused product, poor facility design and poor use of wash-water were observed, resulting in maximum toxicity of > 5 times background in discharged water. Parallel soil samples were > 20 times more toxic than background, being most toxic at > 0.5 km from the discharge point.
Conclusion: Areas of opportunity to improve worker health and the environment include proper and consistent use of protective equipment, re-use of unused product, wastewater reduction and appropriate wastewater treatment.

Keywords
Black Sigatoka; Ethylene thiourea; Fumigation; Pesticide; Mancozeb; Airports; Microtox; Vibrio fischeri; Occupational health risks; Toxicity

 
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